Many revolutions have come and gone. Each one has had its advantages and disadvantages. For example, the Industrial Revolution, while increasing the well-being of people, attracted immigrants, who were not so lucky in the job department, and had to settle in slums and to a life of poverty. The same is applicable for the Green Revolution. This essay provides the reader with information on what Green Revolution is and its pros and cons.
What is the Green Revolution? This is a revolution that dramatically changed the field of agriculture. New technology and advances occurred in the late 20th century which globally increased agricultural productivity. This was the time when synthetic herbicides, pesticides and other chemical fertilizers were created. Obviously, with the use of these new creations, the crops thrived and there were ample crops. These synthetic chemical fertilizers prevented the weeds from cropping up, killed insects that prey on the crops, and prevented diseases that crops usually suffer from.
Apart from these chemical advances, this was a time when high-yield crops were also introduced. What are high-yield crops? These are crops that were designed to produce more. Then, multiple-cropping, a plan that included the ability to grow crops in one place more than once, was also introduced during this time. These methods of farming brought about great results for the global farming industry. One which before, were unheard of.
One of the greatest benefits of the Green Revolution is its ability to produce larger quantities of food than before. This was a huge plus point for the Green Revolution as it meant more and more food could be supplied to the growing human population. Another benefit to the Green Revolution was the ability to grow more crops, more times in the same piece of land. For example, where new land had to be cultivated for more crops, now it was possible to grow crops again in the same place and with a minimum of effort too. It was also beneficial because new land did not have to be grazed in order to make way for cultivation. This factor meant low production costs, which meant cheaper food prices. All in all, the Green Revolution was good for the people and the countries. It meant more food for cheaper.
Although the Green Revolution did have its benefits, it also had a few issues associated with it. For one thing, the use of all those chemical fertilizers created a major hazard to the eco-systems. As a result, there was an exponential increase of pollution and erosion. These new chemicals absorbed into the soil and water in the surrounding areas and caused a great deal of damage. The quality of the soil reduced, the water became dangerous for consumption. Another problem with the Green Revolution was that the number of unemployed increased due to the fact that new machines replaced manual labor.
The Green Revolution, as is clear, is not without its advantages and disadvantages. As with every other Revolution, this too has its ups and downs. Although many would say it was more advantageous than disadvantageous, one has to consider both sides of the fact to really come to a conclusion.